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Základní pojmi

2. 7. 2006

Slovník základních pojmů

Tento slovník jsem si stáhla z jedné české stránce o koních, doufám, že se majitel/ka nebude zlobit...uvádím to tu, aby jste si nemysleli, že jsem ho vytvořila já...Podobný ale mnohem obsáhlejší koňský slovník vychází i v nejznámějším "koňském" časopisu - Jezdectví... Já jsem ale nohužel nedostala povolení o tom, abych mohla jejich články uvádět na mé stránce, takže je tu pro vás návštěvníky pouze jeho slabší bratr...Ale já doufám, že vám to vadit nebude a použijete tyto výrazy třeba při hledání výrazů na cizích servrech:

Německy
Anglicky
Česky
Obecně kůň
das Pferd
horse
kůň
der Hengst
stallion
hřebec
die Stute
mare
klisna
der Wallach
gelding
valach
das Fohlen
foal
hříbě
Chov koní
das Gestüt
stud, studfarm
hřěbčín
das Hengstdepo
stallion depot
hřebčínec
die Zucht
breeding
chov
die Pferdezucht
horsebreeding
chov koní
der Stammbaum
pedigree
rodokmen
der Pferdezüchter
breeder
chovatel
Stáj
die Stall
stable
stáj
die Box
loose-box
box
der Pferdestand
stall
stání
der Sattelkammer
tack room
sedlovna
der Karren
wheelbarrow
vozík
die Gabel
pitchfork
vidle
der Besen
broom
koště
die Tränke
water-bowl
napáječka
die Krippe
manger, trough
žlab
die Streu
bedding, litter
stelivo
Krmivo
das Futter
forage
krmivo
das Wasser
water
voda
das Heu
hay
seno
das Stroh
straw
sláma
der Hafer
oats
oves
die Gerste
barley
ječmen
die Kleie
bran
otruby
das Gras
grass
tráva
die Rübe
sugar beet
řepa
die Mohrrübe
carrot
mrkev
der Zucker
sugar
cukr
das Salz
salt
sůl
die Wiese
meadow
louka
die Weide
pasture
pastvina
der Koppel
fenced pasture
ohrazená pastvina
der Auslauf
paddock
výběh
Jezdecké potřeby + práce ve stáji
des Sattel
saddle
sedlo
der Steigbügel
stirrup
třmen
der Sattelgurt
girth
podbřišník
die Decke
saddle blanket
sedlová dečka
der Trensenzaum, Zaumzeug
bridle
uzdečka
die Zäumung
putting a bridle on
uždění
das Gebiss
bit
udidlo
die Trense
snaffle bit
stihlové udidlo
die Stange
curb bit
pákové udidlo
die Zügel
reins
otěže
das Martingal
martingale
martigal
die Longe
lungeing rein
lonž
das Kummet
collar
chomout
die Reitpeitsche, der Reitstock
riding crop
jezdecký bičík
die Sporen
spurs
ostruhy
die Bandagen
bandages
bandáže
die Gamaschen
brushing boots
kamaše
die Gummiglocken
over-reach boots
gumové zvony
der Striegel
curry comb
hřbílko
die Kardtäsche
body brush
kartáč
die Waschbürste
water brush
rýžový kartáč
der Schwamm
sponge
houba
der Lappen
stable rubber
hadr, utěrka
die Nasenbremse
twitch
fajfka
das Huffett
hoof oil
olej na kopyta
das Hufeisen
shoe
podkova
der Hufnagel
horseshoe nail
podkovák
der Hufschmied
farrier, smithy
podkovář
Barvy a odznaky
die Farben
colours
barvy
der Rappe
black horse
vraník
schwarz
black, blue
černý
der Braune
bay
hnědák
braun
brown, bay
hnědý
der Fuchs
chestnut
ryzák
fuchsrot
chestnut
ryzí
der Schimmel
grey
bělouš
weiss
white
bílý
die Isabelle
isabella
isabela
gelb
palomino, yellow
žlutý
gold
golden
zlatý
der Falbe
dun
plavák
falb
dun
plavý
der Mausgraue
mouse-coloured
myšák
grau
slate-blue, grey
šedý
der Schecke
piebald, skewbald
strakáč
scheckig
piebald, skewbald
strakatý
der Tiger
leopard, spottet
tygr
hell
light
světlý
dunkel
dark
tmavý
die Blume
faint star
kvítek
der Stern
star
hvězda
die Blässe
blaze
lysina
die Laterne
white face, large blaze
lucerna
die Schnippe
snip
šňupka
der Fleck
mark
skvrna
Exteriér koně
das Exterieur
exterior
exteriér

edel
noble
ušlechtilý
das Kopf
head
hlava
das Ohr
ear
ucho
das Auge
eye
oko
die Stirn
forehead
čelo
die Nase
nose
nos
die Nüstern
nostrils
nozdry
das Maul
mouth
huba
der Hals
neck
krk
der Widerrist
withers
kohoutek
der Rücken
back
hřbet
die Lenden
loins
bedra
die Kruppe
croup
záď
der Schweif
tail
ocas
die Brust
chest
hruď
die Rippen
ribs
žebra
der Bauch
belly
břicho
die Flanken
flanks
slabiny
die Vonderbeine
forelegs
přední nohy
die Schulter
shoulder
lopatka
das Buggenlenk
point of shoulder
ramenní kloub
der Oberarm
upper arm
rameno
der Ellbogen
elbow
loket
der Vorarm
forearm
předloktí
das Vorderfusswurzelgelenk
knee
kloub zápěstní-karpus
das Röhrbein
cannon
záprstí-metakarpus
das Fesselgelenk
fetlock
spěnkový kloub
die Fessel
pastern
spěnka
das Kronengelenk
coronet
korunkový kloub
der Huf
hoof, foot
kopyto
die Hinterbeine
hind legs
zadní nohy
der Oberschenkel
thigh
stehno
das Knie
stifle
koleno
der Unterschenkel
second thigh
bérce
das Sprunggelenk
point of hock
hleznový kloub
die Mähle
mane
hříva
die Zähne
teeth
zuby
Jízda na koni
das Reiten
riding
jízda na koni
der Reiter
rider
jezdec
die Reitekappe
riding cap
jezdecká přilba
das Reitjackett
riding jacket
jezdecké sako
die Reithose
breeches, jodhpurs
rajtky
die Reitstiefel
riding boots
jezdecké boty
der Trainer
trainer
trenér
der Pferdpfleger
groom
ošetřovatel
der Schritt
walk
krok
der Trab
trot
klus
der Gallop
galop
cval
 

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